The Catholic Church did not define the mystery of the Immaculate Conception of Mary as a dogma until 1854. Yet as early as 1616 Felipe III created the Real Junta de la Inmaculada and proclaimed the Spanish Crown as the greatest supporter of the doctrine. Ever since, the Spanish Monarchy was at the centre of an intense propaganda campaign intended to promote belief in the immaculate conception. Art played a key role in this project.
This seminar will explore the different aspects of this marketing operation in the Iberian kingdoms, in the Italian Viceroyalties and in Rome itself. From Madrid, Palermo and Seville, the speakers will unveil the images of one of the most striking campaigns of visual propaganda in history.
Coordinator: Rafael Valladares (EEHAR-CSIC)
Director: Pablo González Tornel (Universitat Jaume I)
Pablo González Tornel (Universitat Jaume I): Inmaculada Hispánica. Propaganda y persuasión en la España del Seiscientos.
Piers Baker-Bates (Open University, London): Inmaculada Hispánica in Rome: visual propaganda in the service of doctrine.
Maurizio Vitella (Università degli Studi di Palermo): Iconografia della Purissima Regina nel Viceregno di Sicilia.
Benito Navarrete Prieto (Universidad de Alcalá): La Inmaculada como instrumento político desde Murillo al nacionalcatolicismo.
Location: Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma. Via di Sant’Eufemia 13. 00187 Roma. Date and time: miércoles 6 de junio de 2018, 16:00 horas.
The exhibition Intacta María. Política y religiosidad en la España barroca, opening on 30 November 2017, analyses the process through which devotion to the Immaculate conception was created and popularised in early modern Spain. While the Immaculate Conception only became dogma in 1854, as early as 1616 the Spanish Monarchy became a staunch supporter of the theory, turning its defence into a national priority. In the following years, the Immaculate Conception became Spain’s most heartfelt devotion and a sign of national identity. Art played an important role in this process, amounting to what we may describe as a marketing campaign. This will be the focus of the Museo de Bellas Artes’ forthcoming exhibition, featuring more than 50 paintings, sculptures, prints and books borrowed from notable Spanish museums and churches such as the Museo Nacional de Escultura de Valladolid, the Cathedral of Seville, the Biblioteca Nacional de España, and many others.
Please click here for more information on the exhibition.
A symposium on Spanish Art will take place from 23-25 October in Co Durham, highlighting collections in the area and launching a book on treasures of Spanish Art in Country Durham. The three-day event will include exclusive access to view Zurbarán’s Jacob and his Twelve Sons and a conference dinner at Auckland Castle.
Thursday 23 October 2014 Auckland Castle, Market Place, Bishop Auckland, County Durham, DL14 7NR
Friday 24 October 2014 The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, County Durham, DL12 8NP
Saturday 25 October 2014 Palace Green, Durham University, Durham, County Durham, DH1 3RN
Jointly organised by Auckland Castle, The Bowes Museum, and Durham University, this three-day symposium aims to highlight the outstanding collections of Spanish art held in County Durham. Internationally renowned academics and museum professionals will present a wide range of papers that will place these significant collections within their artistic, cultural, and historic context. The symposium will also be an opportunity to consider the reception of seventeenth-century Spanish art in Britain, marking the bicentenary of the arrival of Velázquez’s The Rokeby Venus in Teesdale (now in the National Gallery, London).
County Durham has historically been a hot spot for the collection and display of Spanish art, which fascinated influential figures such as Bishop Richard Trevor, John and Joséphine Bowes, and Frank Hall Standish. Today the results of this interest are to be found in the collections at The Bowes Museum and Auckland Castle, which together represent the most significant UK holdings of Spanish Golden Age art outside of London.
The symposium heralds a wider, long-term vision shared by Auckland Castle, The Bowes Museum, and Durham University, to establish County Durham as a centre for the study of Spanish art in the UK, and as a world-class visitor destination.
El Greco (1541-1641), The Tears of St Peter, 1580-1589, oil on canvas, The Bowes Museum
23 October 2014 Auckland Castle
09.30 – 10.00 Registration 10.00 – 10.30 Welcome Remarks Jonathan Ruffer, Chairman of the Auckland Castle Trust
10.30 – 11.30 Zurbarán and Britain (Title TBC) Gabriele Finaldi, Associate Director of Curatorship and Research, the Museo del Prado, Madrid 11.30 – 12.00 Coffee Break 12.00 – 13.00 Francisco de Zurbarán’s representations of Saint Francis in the National Gallery Letizia Treves, Curator of Italian and Spanish Paintings 1600-1800, The National Gallery, London 13.00 – 14.30 Lunch – Tours of proposed Spanish Art Gallery site in Bishop Auckland Market Place 14.30 – 15.30 The Sons of Jacob: the first dysfunctional family why did Zurbarán paint them? Alastair Laing, former Curator of Pictures and Sculpture, The National Trust Thomas Gainsborough’s response to the work of Spanish masters Anthony Mould, Fine Art Agent and Dealer specialising in British Art 15.30 – 16.00Refreshments 16.00 – 17.00 The Museo del Prado and the visual construction of the history of Spanish painting in the nineteenth century Javier Portús, Senior Curator of Spanish Painting, Museo del Prado, Madrid 17.00 – 17.45Concluding Remarks 18.00 – 19.00Drinks Reception and Book Launch 19.00 – 22.00 Conference Dinner
Francisco de Zurbarán (1598-1664), Levi, 1640-45, oil on canvas, Auckland Castle, Bishop Auckland, Co Durham
24 October 2014 The Bowes Museum
09.30 – 09.45 Welcome and Introduction Adrian Jenkins, Director of The Bowes Museum
09.45 – 10.25 Art collecting as a language of friendship and affinity between England and Spain
during the seventeenth century Toby Osborne, Senior Lecturer in History, Durham University
10.25 – 11.05 Spanish masters and the spoils of war: the circulation of Spanish art in the era of Napoleon
Tom Stammers, Lecturer in History, Durham University
11.05 – 11.30 Coffee Break
11.30 – 12.10
Preliminary thoughts on materiality and spirituality in the works of Francisco de Zurbarán Cordula van Whye, Lecturer in History of Art, University of York
12.10 – 12.50 Madrid’s monastic, artistic, and cultural heritage before the Confiscation of 1835. Report by the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
Itziar Aranna, Research Fellow, Academia de San Fernando,
12.50 – 14.00 Lunch – optional tours of the Museum 14.00 – 14.30 Frank Hall Standish (1799-1840), Collector of Durham, Duxbury and Seville Howard Coutts, Keeper of Ceramics, The Bowes Museum
14.30 – 15.00 Frank Hall Standish and his paintings acquisitions in Seville Xanthe Brooke, Senior Curator (Continental European Fine Art), Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool 15.00 – 15.40 John Bowes and the sale of the Quinto Collection: an opportunity or a question of taste? Véronique Gérard Powell, Senior Lecturer (Honorary) University of Paris-Sorbonne 15.40 – 16.15 Tea Break 16.15 – 16.45 Closing Remarks 17.00 – 18.00 Tours of Picture Gallery and Exhibition 18.00 – 22.00 Drinks Reception and Conference Dinner
José Antolínez, The Immaculate Conception, oil on canvas, The Bowes Museum, Castle Barnard, Co Durham
25 October 2014 Durham University
09.30 ‒ 09.45 Arrival and Coffee
09.45 ‒ 10.15
Sugar and spice and all things nice: José Antolínez and the Immaculate Virgin of the Bowes Museum
Lesley K. Twomey, Reader in Medieval and Golden Age Iberian Art, University of Northumbria
10.15 ‒ 10.45 Sacred skin: the martyrdom of St Bartholomew in Spanish Golden Age art
Andy Beresford, Professor of Spanish, Durham University
10.45 ‒ 11.10 Coffee Break
11.10 ‒ 11.40 The art of Seville and the collection of a scholar: Stirling Maxwell and the Fiestas de Sevilla
Hilary Macartney, Lecturer in Hispanic Art, University of Glasgow
11.40 ‒ 12.10 In the wake of Colonna and Mitelli: Quadratura in the Court of the Last Habsburg
Jeremy Robbins, Forbes Chair of Spanish, University of Edinburgh
12.10 ‒ 12.40 Spanish art and the Catholic Revival in Britain Stefano Cracolici, Reader in Italian, Durham University
12.40 ‒ 13.30 Lunch
13.30 ‒ 14.30 Round Table Discussion ‘Engaging public interest in Spanish religious art’
14.45 ‒ 15.30 Optional Tour of Durham Castle Collection
Unknown artist, St Jerome, oil on canvas, Durham Castle Collection