Tag Archives: 20th century

Call for contributions: The idiosyncrasy of indigenism in Latin America. Plurality of sources and extra-Latin American appropriations

marina-nunez-del-prado-plegariaCall for contributions: Artelogie Journal, ‘The idiosyncrasy of indigenism in Latin America. Plurality of sources and extra-Latin American appropriations’
Deadline: March 30, 2018

Coordinated by Michele Greet (George Mason University), Anahi Luna (UNAM, Mexico), Fernanda Sarmento (Sao Paulo University), Elodie Vaudry (Paris Nanterre University)

In the mid-1920s, Peruvian intellectual José Carlos Mariátegui introduced the term “indigenism” and defined it as a Latin American avant-garde trend that manifested as a literary genre, a political ideology, and an artistic classification. Nevertheless, as Michele Greet demonstrates in Beyond National Identity: Pictorial Indigenism as a Modernist Strategy in Andean Art, 1920-1960, indigenism is also the result of a paradoxical dialectic between the national and the international spheres. This “negotiation” between the national and the international is at the heart of the problem to be addressed in the next issue of Artelogie, which invites investigations of this Latin American trend as a strategy of transculturation between Latin America and the rest of the world. Mainly studied as a centripetal movement in Latin America, we propose a consideration of indigenism as a centrifugal, plurisecular and cross-cultural phenomenon.
Indeed, it seems that in foreign cities such as Paris, indigenism was also constructed and deployed in a transnational way in response to political and cultural schema. In the 20th and 21th centuries, Europe and then the United States, among others regions, were the locations where indigenism found its intellectual, political and visual inspiration and/or the cites, where it could find its purpose. Consequently, in the post-war period, Ecuadorian Oswaldo Guayasamín (1919-1999) defends the Indian in paint via a re-reading of the works of Picasso and Bernard Buffet. Sculptors such as Marina Núñez del Prado (1910-1992), architects such as Pedro Ramírez Vásquez (1919-2013), musicians such as Theodore Valcárcel (1900-1942) also appropriate methods, techniques, and materials from outside Latin American to design buildings and compose melodies in support of the Native American cause. To these examples, we can add of course the appropriations of native traditions, in particular those from the Amazon, as well as multiple contemporary creations, both in the field of design and the visual arts.
By approaching Latin American and European art history within the framework of a simultaneously conflictive and collaborative modernity, rather than “opposing insular nationalism and alienating internationalism,” this cultural history project would reveal their common dynamics and highlight the diachronic and diasporic hybridization of contemporary visual culture. The purpose is thus to approach indigenism – or indigenisms – chronologically from the 20th to the 21st century. The aim is to analyze its construction as it has been elaborated outside of the borders of Latin America, in travel to and from foreign countries and nations with cultural indigenism and in connection with other contemporary movements addressing or related to identity politics.

Exploring the productive tensions surrounding indigenist art and considering different perceptions of this long cultural history will facilitate a rethinking of the fights for representation and self-representation undertaken by diverse cultures in Latin America. Moreover, we could correlate these analyses with other cultural phenomena dealing with identity formation, such as those in North America, Oceania and Africa.

The theme of this forthcoming issue of Artelogie deals with transfers between cultures, which are very different at different moments in history – – i.e. the pre-Colombian era- and in the space. Thus, a multidisciplinary approach seems essential, linking art history, the history of the ideas, and anthropology. In this study it is also necessary to consider the themes of political, diplomatic, and economic exchange between France and Latin American countries.

Suggested themes:

– How dialogue(s) between ” western culture ” and native groups took place
– Sources – models and counter-models – of indigenism outside Latin America
– Inversions: native portraits through the eyes of Westerners / Westerners portraits through the eyes of natives
– Indigenism and the artistic avant-garde, processes of appropriation and fracture
– Cites of the formation of indigenism outside Latin America
– How the diasporic processes of indigenism in the 19th and 20th centuries served the internal politics of Latin America
– Model and counter-model: indigenism as a reaction to and an appropriation of western models
– How the processes of hybridization interact with the concepts of heritage, tradition and innovation
– Native artistic expressions that reflect cultures founded on other values and beliefs, what are the ways to validate and interact with this diversity?

How to apply: 

-Deadline for official acceptance of original unpublished work: 30th of March 2018
– Total length of the text: characters (no more than 50000 characters or 35 pages), including title, authors’ bibliographic data and e-mails, summary, introduction, all other paragraphs considered appropriate, conclusion, acknowledgements (if necessary) and references.
– Please follow closely the style guide for authors of Artelogie: https://artelogie.revues.org/621
– Please send articles to: artelogie@gmail.com


Featured Exhibition: Picasso/Rivera: Still Life and the Precedence of Form

mm-70-1000pxPicasso/Rivera: Still Life and the Precedence of Form, Meadows Museum, Dallas, USA, until  5 November

This focused exhibition of paintings is inspired by a work in the Meadows Museum’s collection, Picasso’s Still Life in a Landscape (1915). In the early 20th century, Picasso and the Mexican artist Diego Rivera both lived and worked in Paris. Initially friends, in 1915 they fell out because Diego Rivera accused Picasso of plagiarising the foliage from one of his own paintings.

The source of Rivera’s ire was the perceived semblance between his 1915 Zapatista Landscape (The Guerrilla) and Picasso’s Seated Man (1915-16), which in its first iteration – as seen by Rivera in another visit to Picasso’s studio in August 1915 – was known as Man Seated in Shrubbery. Rivera noted acute similarities between his canvas and that of the early state of Picasso’s work; namely, both works featured a similarly structured still life set outdoors. The Mexican artist’s very specific complaint was his former mentor’s liberal borrowing of Rivera’s formulaic foliage – scumbled patches of green and white paint on a dark ground.

Picasso/Rivera: Still Life and the Precedence of Form takes as its point of departure another case study of the two artists’ works: Picasso’s Still Life in a Landscape (1915) at the Meadows, which will be displayed for the first time with Rivera’s Still Life with Gray Bowl (Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library, Austin), painted in the same year. Exhibited in close proximity, these two paintings together encapsulate the two artists’ overlapping of themes and motif appropriation during that period.

Picasso/Rivera: Still Life and the Precedence of Form affords a closer look at the development of Picasso’s Still Life in a Landscape in the Meadows collection by presenting it together with its analogue from the Columbus Museum of Art as well as Rivera’s variation on the theme from Austin. The visual dialogue taking place in 1915 between these two giants of modern art will be further outlined through the display of Rivera’s 1915 Still Life with Bread Knife, a second generous loan from the Columbus Museum of Art. Beyond the rich anecdotes regarding the relationship of the two artists, this group of paintings provides an opportunity to find parallels as well as deviations between these canvases. In spite of limited wartime resources, 1914-15 proved to be a fecund era of creativity for both Picasso and Rivera.

Conference: Digital Imaginaries of the South: Stories of Belonging and Uprooting in Hispanic Cinemas

maxresdefaultInternational Film Conference (IV TECMERIN Academic Meeting): Digital Imaginaries of the South: Stories of Belonging and Uprooting in Hispanic Cinemas, October 18-20, 2017, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid / Casa de América (Madrid)

Over the past twenty years, digital technology has become the standard in the film production, circulation, and consumption processes. Within this context, Hispanic cinemas have undergone deep changes, both within the countries with an established cinematic tradition, as well as in those that, due to several reasons, had not developed a robust cinematography throughout the 20th century. The analogue paradigm became deeply contested and a new digital framework, which was widely discussed by institutions, film critics, and academics, emerged. This moment coincides with the widespread generalization of national and transnational neoliberal policies that, far from backing diversity, have increased the gap between those “connected” and those “disconnected” (to draw upon Néstor García Canclini’s term); a gap also experienced by those that, even if connected, still occupy subaltern positions.
The speeding of these processes has resulted in an increase of mobility, at work both in the geographical displacement of film professionals and in the emergence of new narrative models that deal with questions of belonging and uprooting, springing precisely from these experiences of displacement. The cinemas of the Global South, and, most specifically, Hispanic cinemas, have actively taken part in these processes, ultimately playing a relevant role in terms of narrative and aesthetic models, and the production, circulation and consumption of film.
Following the main research axes of the R+D project “Transnational relations in Hispanic digital cinemas: the axes of Spain, Mexico, and Argentina” (CSO2014-52750-P), the International Conference Digital Imaginaries of the South: Stories of Belonging and Uprooting in Hispanic Cinemas conference will discuss these themes:
  • The representation of migrations, displacements, exile, and diaspora.
  • Transnational flows of cultural, economic, and human capital in the production and circulation of cinema.
  • The reconfiguration of the regional, national, and transnational Hispanic interactions within the new century.
  • Public discourses and film policies within the region.
  • Hybridization and identity in the narratives on colonization, decolonization, and revolutionary processes.
  • Activism and digital praxis.
  • Genres, authors, stars.
  • Film cultures and cinephilia: festivals, publications, and digital platforms.
  • Minor cinemas: indigenismo, experimental, and/or militant cinemas.
  • Historiographic, theoretical, and methodological problems of so-called Hispanic, Iberian, and Latin American cinemas.

News from the MNAC

The Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya has made two major acquisition during the summer.

baudiliusAt an auction held in Barcelona on 31 May 2017 they acquired a panel painting representing the Decapitation of Saint Baudilus, painted by Lluís Dalmau for the old Gothic high altarpiece in the parish church of Sant Boi de Llobregat (Baix Llobregat), one of the few works by the painter to have been conserved.
Lluís Dalmau was one of the principal artists working in Barcelona in the mid 15th century, and was employed at the court of King Alfonso IV. There are only two surviving documented works by this outstanding painter: the famous Virgin of the “Consellers”, made between 1443 and 1445, and the altarpiece from Sant Boi, dated to 1448. The Museu Nacional was able to purchase this exceptional work thanks to a donation by the Palarq Foundation. It will certainly become a well-loved masterpiece of the Museum’s impressive collection of Catalan Gothic painting.

maspons_x1500_caThey also acquired 200 photographs by Catalan photographer Oriol Maspons (Barcelona, 1928-2013), thanks to the Nando and Elsa Peretti Foundation. The new acquisition will enable the organisation of a major retrospective dedicated to this photographer in 2019. Moreover, the generosity of the Nando and Elsa Peretti fundation will enable researchers to study the over 7000 photographs and other photographic material deposited at the Museum by the photographer in 2010.

Featured Exhibition: Portraits

retratosRetratos. Colecciones Fundación MAPFRE de fotografía, Sala Fundación MAPFRE Recoletos (Paseo de Recoletos 23, 28004 Madrid)

The exhibition ‘Retratos’ is on at the MAPFRE Foundation until 3 September 2017. Focusing on portraits in the twentieth century, the exhibition features photographs by Spanish and Latin American photographers such as Alberto García-Alix, Cristina García Rodero, Graciela Iturbide, Anna Malagrida, Fernando Maquieira. It is divided in four themes, ‘Cities,’ ‘Communities’ and ‘Artists and Models’ which attempt to embrace and reveal the complexity of contemporary portraiture.

Conference: III International Seminar on Sacred Heritage, São Paulo, Brasil, 26-29 July 2017

5 wikimedia pic church from left accross the lakeIII International Seminar on Sacred Heritage, Monastery of São Bento de São Paulo, Brasil, 26-29 July 2017

This Seminar, the third organised by the Grupo de Pesquisas Barroco
Memória Viva do Instituto de Artes of the UNESP and coordinated by Prof. Dr. Percival Tirapeli in collaboration with the Faculdade São Bento, discusses relevant aspects of 20th century sacred architecture until 1970.


26 July
Teatro do Colégio de São Bento

14h – Recepção, credenciamento e inscrições

Abertura de Exposição
Escultura Sacra Moderna, Murilo Sá Toledo, Santana do Parnaíba
Curadoria de Rafael Schunk (IA-UNESP)

14h30 – Conferência
Os espaços litúrgicos e o Concílio Vaticano II
Prof. Dr. Gabriel Frade

15h30 – Lançamento dos livros
II Seminário Internacional da América Latina
Grupo de Pesquisa Barroco Memória Viva, IA-UNESP/CNPq

Quatro ensaios sobre Niemeyer
Rodrigo Queiroz e Hugo Segawa, FAU-USP; Ingrid Quintana Guerreiro,
Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá

16h – Conferência
Atuação da Igreja no século XX
Abade Dom Matthias Tolentino Braga, OSB

17h – Visita técnica
Basílica Abacial de Nossa Senhora da Assunção,
Mosteiro de São    Bento
Dom Carlos Eduardo Uchôa, OSB

18h – Vésperas
Basílica Abacial de Nossa Senhora da Assunção,
Mosteiro de São Bento

27 July
Teatro do Mosteiro de São Bento

9h às 11h30 – Conferências
Arquitetura neocolonial em São Paulo
Profa Dra. Maria Lucia Bressan Pinheiro, FAU-USP

Arquitetura sacra moderna em Buenos Aires
Profa Drª Graciela Viñuales Gutierrez, CEDODAL, Buenos Aires

Aspectos da arquitetura sacra na América
Profa Drª Ingrid Quintana Guerreiro, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá

11h30 às 12h – Intervalo

12h às 13h30 – Mesa-redonda: Arquitetura e América Latina
Arquitetura do período Entre guerras: igrejas de São Raphael na  Moóca
e Nsa. Sra. da Paz no Glicério
Pesquisadora Drª Milene Chiovatto, Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo

Da Pampulha à Catedral de Brasília: a projeção da arquitetura  moderna
brasileira no cenário internacional
Prof. Dr. Rodrigo Queiroz, FAU-USP

Arte contemporânea na América Latina e suas raízes sacras
Dra Cláudia Fazzolari. Prolam/ABCA

13h30 – Almoço

14h30 às 16h – Mesa-redonda: Imaginária Sacra
Marino Del Favero – Estabelecimento de Esculptura e Entalho
Profª Ms. Cristiana Cavaterra

Modernidade e tradição: a indústria e a imaginária religiosa no início
do século XX
Profª Drª Maria José Spiteri T. Passos, Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul

O apogeu da escultura em bronze em São Paulo
Prof. Dr. Mozart Bonazzi da Costa, PUC-SP

16h – Intervalo

16h30 às 18h – Palestras
Aspectos da arte sacra popular
Prof. Dr. Oscar D´Ambrosio, UNESP

Mário de Andrade e o Modernismo: tombamentos da arte sacra pelo IPHAN

28 July
Teatro do Mosteiro de São Bento

9h – Conferência
Panorama da arquitetura eclética em São Paulo
Prof. Dr. Percival Tirapeli, IA-UNESP

10h – Palestra
O traço moderno na arquitetura religiosa paulista
Prof. Ms. Márcio Antonio Lima Junior, FAU-USP

10h30 – Intervalo

11h às 13h – Mesa-redonda: Ações de Restauro
Aspectos executivos da conservação e restauro e o papel das entidades
da área
Francisco Zorzete, presidente da Associação de Empresas de Restauro

Restauro e Arte Sacra: Igreja do Cristo Operário
Paula Tabañez, Julio Moraes Conservação e Restauro

Restauro dos afrescos e Capela da Casa Portinari
JM Conservação e Restauro

13h – Almoço
14h – Conferência
Música sacra moderna
Prof. Dr. Acchile Picchi/Alfredo Zaine

15h às 16h – Mesa-redonda: Formação e importância de coleções públicas
Dom Duarte Leopoldo e Silva e a formação do Museu de Arte Sacra de São
Paulo – importância na preservação da arte sacra no século XX
Museu de Arte Sacra de São Paulo (MAS)

Obra sacra nos acervos dos Palácios do Governo e a capela de São Pedro
em Campos de Jordão
Pesquisadora DraAna Cristina de Carvalho, diretora do Acervo Histórico
Artístico dos Palácios do Governo de São Paulo

16h – Intervalo

16h30 às 18h – Mesa-redonda: Pintura sacra
A obra sacra de Candido Portinari
Profa Dra Elza Ajzenberg, USP, Pós-Graduação Interunidades

Pintura sacra no Grupo Santa Helena
Profa Dra Lisbeth Rebolo Gonçalves, USP/ABCA

Pinturas Murais de Emeric Marcier na capela da Santa Casa de Mauá
Profª Me. Rosângela Aparecida da Conceição (UNIP)
Ms. Rafael Schunk (IA-UNESP)

18h – Encerramento do III Seminário sobre o Patrimônio Sacro na América
Latina, Prof. Dr. Percival Tirapeli

29 July
9h às 12h – Visitas técnicas
Visita opcional ao Mosteiro das Beneditinas, acompanhado por Abade Dom
Matthias Tolentino Braga, OSB e pelo Prof. Márcio Antonio Lima Junior.

Visita à exposição Santos devocionais: o barro como fé, com esculturas
de Stella Kehde, curadoria de Percival Tirapeli, Museu de Arte Sacra,
Sala do Metrô Tiradentes.

Exhibition: Picasso and the Mediterranean, @ Fundación Canal, Madrid

_CACHE_20-FPCN-1858-PAN-R-BAJA_415x0Picasso and the Mediterranean
Fundación Canal, Calle Mateo Inurria, Madrid
1 June – 15 August 2017

Free exhibition of 91 works, mainly ceramics and prints, selected from the Picasso Museo Casa Natal in Málaga. About half the exhibition is devoted to the inspiration Picasso drew from bull-fighting and its rituals and includes his series of Toro lithographs from 1945-1946, which encompass naturalistic, cubist and surreal representations of the animal. Two other sections focus on the influence of Greco-Roman antiquity on Picasso’s nudes and mythological figures and the final section includes works showing the influence of ancient cultures including that of the Arab world.

For more information, click here: Picasso and the Mediterranean

Image: © Sucesión Pablo Picasso, VEGAP, Madrid, 2017. Source: Fundación Canal